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descriptionrelative clauses

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What are relative clauses?

relative clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or a noun phrase.
Example:

The man who is smoking is the murderer


The noun the man is modified by the relative clause who is smoking.
Relative clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing we are talking about.

How to use relative clauses

They are used to provide extra information. This information can either:


  • define something (defining clause), 
    Example:
    The girl who is standing there is a world champion in karate.
  • or provide unnecessary, but interesting information (non-defining clause).
    Example:
    Michael Jackson, who was a famous singer, died of an overdose.


Relative clauses can be introduced by:


  1. A relative pronoun: who, whom, which, that, whose

    Example: "The man who is standing there is a famous writer." 

  2. A relative adverb: where, why and when.

    Example: " The restaurant where I have dinner is nice."

  3. None of them.

    Example: "The man I met is extremely wealthy"


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